Scandal: 181 generals and high commanders in the reserve request ‘respect for Franco’. The military commanders, all in the reserve, signed a manifesto praising the figure of the dictator.
The document, published by Ok Diario, detailing the names/surnames of all
signatories, is entitled ‘Declaration of respect and reparation to General
Francisco Franco Bahamonda, soldier of Spain’.
And it has come out to light now when the Spanish government of Pedro Sánchez is determined to exhume the remains of the dictator and remove them from the Valley of the Fallen.
Among the signatories, there are fifteen generals: José Sierra Rabuenca, Luis
Gomez-Hortigüela Amillo, Carlos Blond Álvarez del Manzano, Javier Bohorquez López- Lóriga, José Miguel Aldea Marín, Jesús Alfredo Ruiz Fernandez, Francisco Martínez Esparza Valiente,
José Fernando Abos Coto, José María Sanchez de Toca y Catalá, Enrique Cano de las Heras, Salvador Fontela Ballesta, Agustín Muñoz-Grandes Galilea, Juan Chicharro Ortega, Luis Casteleiro Villalba, Blas Piñar Lopez and Alberto Asarta Cuevas.
They say in the manifesto that they are paying a ‘tribute to the heroes who forged Spain and to all those who gave their lives for Spain. The tribute is a debt of gratitude and an incentive to continue with the ‘work’ of Franco.
In addition, they attack the left-wing, which they accuse of having disregarded the dictator. ‘After the constant attacks on the person of General Franco since his death, slowly but steadily erasing any trace of his work for Spain in the historical moments that he lived, […]
the political left & its affiliates have unleashed an uncontrolled campaign, hardly understandable if it wasn’t for their visceral obstinacy of revenge in order to erase 1/2 a century of our history, by means of a final attempt to make the main creator of this history disappear.
They add in the manifesto that the figure of Franco has been used to hide the reality of the current territorial collapse of the nation and the obvious inequality among the Spaniards.
It is shocking that current Spanish politicians claim that the unity of Spain is permanently indivisible and indissoluble, but seem to ignore that other countries have become independent from the Kingdom of Castile / Kingdom of Spain over the last five centuries.
The term “colony” is very unclear, legally rather dubious. Why are some nations catalogued as colonies by the UN and others are not?
15 days ago I published an article on this website entitled «Esperant el mort» (Waiting for the dead one). It was a text without frills, along the lines of other articles I have written in recent months, where I warned of a growing irrational violence from supporters of the unity of Spain, whether or not they are right-wing activists. I couldn’t imagine then that a week later, on Monday 16th of July, I would be the victim of one of their attacks. Certainly, there was no surprise factor: in the last five years I have filed about a dozen police reports related to countless death threats, coercion and attempted aggression that I have had to endure from the far-right and the most intransigent Spanish ultra nationalism. Unfortunately in my case, few reports have been successful. One of them, even, ended with a 1 year prison sentence for Pedro Chaparro, fascist leader of Democracia Nacional, also convicted for assaulting the Blanquerna Cultural Centre in Madrid. Chaparro has never served the sentence, despite the double conviction which adds up to 5 years of prison.
Documental 20-S del programa “Sense ficció”emès el passat dijous 28 de juny, a les 22.05, a TV3. Produït per Mediapro i dirigit per Jaume Roures. Aquest documental ha desmuntat la versió que l’estat espanyol ha defensat per empresonar a Jordi Sànchez i Jordi Cuixart i per extensió a tota la macrocausa catalana. Les imatges han parlat per elles mateixes. El documental ha arrasat a Catalunya però també a nivell mundial.
Primer “trending topic” a Espanya i tercer mundial durant bona part de la nit. 1.071.000 espectadors de mitjana van veure el documental 20-S. Una quota de pantalla del 34,8%. A Twitter, el documental va generar 1.214.000 missatges durant tot el dia, amb 9,7 milions d’impressions, I el hashtag #20STV3 va tenir més de 50.200 tuits.
La nostra traductora l’Anna@annuskaodena va traduir en el moment de la transmissió molts tuits a l’anglès. Hem completat els que va publicar amb traduccions del compte de @senseficcio i altres d’interès.
On Thursday night the Catalan public television ratings rose to a stratospheric 34.8% thanks to this documentary, however, the Madrid newspapers have reacted like an ostrich in danger, burying their heads in the sand, or like small children, who think they can disappear just by closing their eyes. We know, ignorance is the best contempt.
982,000 people in Catalonia watched the documentary, well over a million during peak time. It was a success, certainly. In social networks, it generated 121,400 tweets and 9.7 million impressions. The hashtag #20STV3 produced more than 50,200 tweets; it was the top trending topic in Spain and the third in the world during two and a half hours on Thursday night. All in all, ’20-S’ was the most talked about TV programme of the day in Spain, according to data from Twitter and Kantar Media, the auditing firm of reference.
This Friday, ’20-S’ was also the star theme of the two great morning shows in Catalan radio, El Matí de Catalunya Ràdio and El Món a RAC1, which together have about 1.5 million listeners.
It’s a bad comparison but, as an example, Spain v Morocco World Cup match had 1,441,000 Catalan viewers, ratings of 58.3%. A blockbuster on TV can get up to between 23% and 25% at the most. Here, the documentary has better rating figures.
Everybody could say this is news just because of the data. A piece of news so easy to spot like an elephant in the room.
However, this was not the case according to Madrid press, both printed and digital, where the ’20-S’ ratings were a little over 0%. There is a small mention in Público (digital), their owner and Mediapro owner are the same person. Tomàs Delclós wrote a column in El País, lightly describing the contents of the documentary: “Audiovisual testimonies question the judicial version regarding the demonstration that took place opposite the Ministry of Economy”. El Confidencial published a brief piece in Vanitatis, their paparazzi section. We won’t mention Vertele nor Ecoteuve, specialised leading TV portals.
Reasons for this rejection
What is it about this documentary, that they don’t like it?
It provides elements that take Judge Pablo Llarena’s version apart regarding the demonstration that surrounded the Ministry of Economy during the Civil Guard assault on the 20th of September 2017.
It shows how the Spanish police tried to enter the headquarters of the political party CUP without a court order and how they remained outside for more than three hours waiting for sparks to fly and a riot to start that could just justify whatever they were there for.
The documentary puts into context the iconic photo of the Jordis on top of the Civil Guard vehicle which has been used to charge them. They were the last ones to climb on top, after the reporters, amongst others.
It questions why the police force left weapons and ammunition unattended inside the cars: nothing happened, either among the people demonstrating on 20-S or among the officers that left them in plain sight.
It denies the public prosecutor’s version which states there were no officers at the Ministry’s doors. It also ridicules his insolent sarcasm when interrogating Major Trapero.
It warns that the Vice-President, Sáenz de Santamaría; the Minister of the Interior, Zoido and the head of the judicial police in Catalonia, Baena, refused to make any statements for the documentary.
It makes clear the Jordis rejected any sort of violence, on the contrary: they opposed it at all times, they actively discouraged it and they acted as mediators between the Civil Guard and the demonstrators.
The documentary does all of this, furthermore, with previously unpublished footage.
It is precisely because of all this that they don’t like it. What would appeal to others, has the opposite effect here. Because ‘20-S’ not only points at the police and judicial fabrications that have served to keep Jordi Sánchez and Jordi Cuixart nine months in preventive prison. It also points at the complicity of the media in spreading these deceits and in trying to make it the dominant tale in Spain. The documentary removes their masks and places them in front of the mirror. They have not looked at themselves properly, hence the situation.
Article traduït per AnnA (@annuskaodena) segons el meu millor coneixement de l’anglès.
Article translated by AnnA (@annuskaodena) to the best of my knowledge of English.
These are works “that should not have been done” because they have not been used, such as state or regional-owned roads (including some radial motorways), airports, train stations, desalination plants or cultural centres.
The State Central Administration and the autonomous communities in Spain have squandered no less than 80,000 million euros of public funds, between 1995 and 2016, on infrastructure, equipment and works that have been “unnecessary”, according to the Association of Geographers of Spain (AGE).
This has been brought to light in a study that will be published on the AGE website on the 15th, which has been carried out by the universities of Barcelona, Girona, Valencia, Cantabria, Complutense of Madrid, Tenerife, Seville, Málaga and Alicante, according to the national president of this organisation, Professor Jorge Olcina.
The president of AGE has indicated that these are works “that should not have been done” because they have not been used, such as state or regional-owned roads (including some radial motorways), airports, train stations, desalination plants or cultural centres, and that, in addition, they have experienced substantial extra costs.
The study, which has not included the endowments financed by the local councils due to the complexity to collect all the figures, reflects the huge amount of “mega projects” that have not served for the purpose intended. Olcina has also mentioned that, in the case of the Autonomous Community of Valencia, the initial plans for the Júcar-Vinalopó water transfer, which was later changed despite the investment made, and some of the desalination plants, have not been used.
Olcina has explained that this study has been carried out mainly by voluntary geographers from the aforementioned universities since it has lacked economic backing from the State and has been developed because these professionals saw “the need to do it, even if it was for free”. They have tried to offer society, from an academic point of view, data on the management of public administrations so that, later, citizens can make “their own decisions when voting”.
The experts have provided an advance on the figures of public money squandered over those two decades in Spain, during the public presentation of the manifesto: “In defence of the territory. Facing the new challenges of global change“, which is an addendum to the “Manifesto for a new territorial culture“, a document that dates from 2006 and that should serve as a guide for urban development in Spain.
In this update of the aforementioned strategic document about territorial processes, the AGE and the Association of Geographers ask public administrations to be more “cautious” when it comes to urban growth to, among other things, preserve the environmental and functional connectivity, and to adapt the geographical space to the effects of climate change.
“Our country cannot remain out of these new processes of territorial adaptation to global warming”, according to Olcina, who has warned that there is a certain “relaxation” among the administrations in complying with some of their obligations, for example, incorporating studies and cartographies in the evaluation processes of environmental and territorial sustainability.
In particular, geographers find that, when designing their land-use planning, the local councils only take into account the risk of flooding and not the possibility of landslides, seismic movements, droughts or storms in places along the coastline, despite the fact that there is enough cartographic material available for these type of situations.
Article traduït per AnnA (@annuskaodena) segons el meu millor coneixement de l’anglès. Article translated by AnnA (@annuskaodena) to the best of my knowledge of English.
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